However, as liberation historians have pointed out, the church as a Spirit filled community of equals was gradually Romanized and Christianity became an imperial religion. Like that of the Roman empire, the constitution of the church is a combination of monarchic and aristocratic government with a veneer of democracy in the election of the pope.http://aglobe.dev3.develag.com/map2.php
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Like the Roman empire, the Roman hierarchy has become an expansionist universal religious power that has exploited the resources and culture of the "subjugated provinces" i. Like that of Roman imperialism, the hierarchy's universal mission has in the past used force, supported colonialism, and promulgated Euro-centrism, and still goes on to eliminate or appropriate the cultural and religious resources of its "subordinates. Its ethos is control and obedience, positivist legalism and authoritarian exclusion.
The Roman church is divided into a two-class system, that of the ordained and that of the laity, connoting not only second class citizenship for those who are not clergy men but also metaphysical difference. Hence, the Vatican has continued to insist that the church is not a democratic community. To claim that radical democratic and evangelical values such as equality, justice, and freedom do not need to be practiced in the Roman Catholic church but only by society engenders the Roman imperial discourses of control, violence and domination. The Hierarchy's discourses of "orthodox truth" are also highly gendered.
It maintains the status quo and limits our imagination. Global cultural and religious fundamentalisms claim the power of naming and of defining the true nature and essence of religion. In this context of struggle, the Roman rhetoric of magisterium and its absolute truth- claims seems to function as just one more instance of a fundamentalist anti-democratic movement. By insisting on a positivist doctrinal reading of Scripture and tradition, the Vatican version of fundamentalist theology seeks to "fix" the rich pluriform diverse expressions of Christian scriptures, traditions, theologies, ministries and communities.
They do so, in order to consolidate the variegated texts, ambiguous metaphors, and diversified practices of Scripture and Tradition into a definite, single discourse of truth, the depositum fidei, that claims infallibility for its historically conditioned articulations, rather than leave room for a rich diversity of expressions of Christian faith. Karl Rahner argued that the most important event of the Second Vatican Council was the manifestation of the world-church where for the first time bishops of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Pacific Rim democratically acted together with the pope as equals when articulating and deciding the theology of the Council.
It is due to the structural sin of sexism and its theological rationalizations, and it has prevented the world-church from achieving full feminist catholicity. This feminist meaning of catholicity still comes to the fore in the dictionary definition of the term.
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The Shorter Oxford Dictionary defines catholicity as "the quality of having sympathies with or being all-embracing; broad-mindedness, tolerance. Hence, the characteristics of radical democratic feminist catholicity can be defined. Such feminist catholicity fosters social-religious plurality and global connectedness linking radically different local churches and variegated cultures.
As a radical democratic spirituality it envisions an all-embracing inclusive church in which all are truly equal but not the same; an ekklesial culture where differences are respected and people are truly free, where social-religious responsibility rather than individualistic self-absorption prevails; a society and church which is truly just and in which status and power inequalities, especially the vast gulf between the rich and the poor are recognized for what they are. This kind of catholicity is deeply embedded in Scripture and tradition, and has inspired the vision of the church articulated at the Second Vatican Council.
Since the Council, two different discourses on Catholicity have been operative in Roman Catholic self-understandings. One is the Roman imperial discourse of control and censure with its claims to absolute truth and its demands for absolute submission of the intellect to Roman papal and curial decrees; the other is the ekklesial discourse of feminist catholicity, which is inclusive and appeals to the pluriform gifts of the Holy Spirit. Sociological surveys have shown that ordinary Catholics usually do not pay much attention to the edicts coming from Rome because these do not speak to the problems facing them.
We hold the Roman hierarchy accountable on grounds of our theological birthright to be church, a discipleship of equals, a kindom of priests. If Catholicism is to contribute to the fashioning of a radical democratic catholic-global ethos, then our struggles for the feminist catholicity of the church must remain conscious of their global location and develop spiritual practices and forms of ministry and community that can contribute to justice and well-being for all.
We must insist on our intellectual and spiritual freedom to articulate ekklesial i. Such an understanding of feminist catholicity is positioned in the theological discourse of Divine Spirit-Wisdom; it envisions church as a reciprocal community of support, a dynamic alliance of equals. It is the catholicity of grace flourishing in the all-embracing sphere of the Spirit in which we live and move. They are struggles for a feminist, radical democratic form of catholicity that is lived and practiced as a global alternative to exploitation and dehumanization. In the context of these emancipatory struggles, critical theories and feminist theologies have been developed which show how a diversified and pluriform catholicity of church and theology is to be imagined and articulated.
Catholics are not just determined by gender and doctrine, but also by race, class, ethnicity, culture, age, sexual preference, and diverse spiritualities. Identity is not stable, but changes over the course of time. The struggles for a radical democratic church have as their goal the fullness of feminist catholicity. It requires the articulation of catholic identity not as sameness but as diversity and rich giftedness in the power of Divine Spirit-Wisdom.
Feminist priestly ministry, I suggest, is therefore best understood as a radical democratic praxis and vision.
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Yet some might object, that such a radical feminist democratic ekklesial vision is not able to change the hierarchical structures of Roman Catholicism because it refuses to become part of the "sacred structures of domination" in order to change them. This argument does not account for the death-dealing powers of "sacred domination" when it identifies hierarchical i. As many Christian reform movements throughout the centuries have recognized: there are no biblical-theological grounds for such church structures of "sacred domination.
These corrections of the Tridentine interpretation of church offices makes possible democratic changes in church structure. So, you might ask, how can we change the Roman imperial offices into ekklesial ministries in the discipleship of equals?
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I have only one possible solution to this conundrum. I suggest, as I have done before, that we organize to take over the only democratic office in the Roman Catholic church: the college of Cardinals.
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When in I was invited to write an article on "Feminism and the Papacy in the Third Millennium," delineating the issues and problems which the newly elected successor of John Paul II would have to face, I imagined that the next leader of the Catholic church would be a feminist. Since we celebrate today the feast of Mary of Magdala, the apostle to the apostles, let us engage in such an exercise of u-topian imagination which sees the present and past from the perspective of the future:.
They did this not in order to reform the hierarchy up but in order to serve the Catholic people. If they just wanted to be ordained at any price and to join the ranks of the clergy, there were plenty of Christian churches that would have welcomed them. Instead, let us get ready for the next conclave and prepare for appointment as cardinals so that feminist cardinals can participate in electing the next successor not only of Peter but also of Mary Magdalene!
If Commonweal is correct that Pope John Paul II once called himself a "papa feminista," I pointed out, his successor must be a feminist! From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cenad , Romania. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Encyclopedia of women and religion in North America. Indiana University Press. Retrieved New York: Crossroad.
Namespaces Article Talk. Although written with military families in mind, this book celebrates all families and teaches children the power that comes with being connected to their entire family tree. When Life Gives Us Wind is sure to become one of your child's favorite books. It features twin brothers, Will and Willis.
The brothers look, walk, and talk alike. They do everything together except, one always does as he says and the other does not. When asked to complete certain tasks, one brother states he will and the other states he will not; only one is being truthful. The book is based on the parable of the two sons as found in Matthew 21 and after twins, Will and Willis half complete a series of chores, their parents decide to reward the one they believe has been obedient.
The story has a surprise ending and is sure to be your child's favorite book to hear again and again. When Alyssa boards the school bus her first day of 5th grade, she is carrying more than the weight of her backpack. She is carrying a secret. One she doesn't want anyone to know. Once on board, she meets Onika a stylish, gregarious girl with a great sense of humor; Alyssa likes her right away. After chatting, she learns they are the same age, in the same grade, and classroom: Mrs.
Thompson's class. Alyssa feels she is going to love Lee Ponder Elementary School. The question is, will she love it enough to share her secret with her newfound friend? This book promotes compassion, acceptance, friendship, gratitude, and the belief in a second chance. Cover is in illustration.
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Book release date June 12, Rather than use her phone to look up the scriptures being read in Children's Church, Imani spends time surfing the net. While reading the latest celebrity gossip, something catches her attention. What did she just hear? Is that even physically possible? How could someone walk on water?
Unable to shake the feeling that the message to step outside the boat is speaking directly to her, Imani holds the words in her heart. It is only when her best friend Renee signs them up for the Our Youth Our Future Foundation Talent Show that Imani has the opportunity to step outside her own boat of security and learn walk on water.
If is a middle school Christian novel. It is a powerful book on faith, family, perseverance, acceptance, and the power of understanding our innate gifts. The cover art is illustrated by Sofania Artisian and is due to be released by June 12, When your dreams are larger than life, nothing can stand in your way!